MEMORIES OF A GIANT: Reflections on Rabbi Dr. Joseph B. Soloveitchik zt"l
Weight: 1.30 kilograms
MEMORIES OF A GIANT: Reflections on Rabbi Dr. Joseph B. Soloveitchik zt"l
Edited by Michael A. Bierman
The Rabbi Soloveitchik Library - volume 1
Series Edited by Rabbi Jacob J. Schacter
Softcover, 368 pages,
Maimonides School, Urim Publications, 2013
Hardcover - Out of print
The Rabbi Joseph B. Soloveitchik Institute, Urim Publications, 2003
Rabbi Ahron Soloveichick zt"l
Rabbi Dr. Aharon Lictenstein
Rabbi Moshe Lichtenstein
Rabbi Julius Berman
Rabbi Dr. Louis Bernstein zt"l
Rabbi Jeffrey Bienfeld
Rabbi Hershel Billet
Rabbi Yosef Blau
Rabbi Kenneth Brander
Rabbi Abba Bronspigel
Rabbi Shalom Carmy
Rabbi Zevulun Charlop
Rabbi Edward Davis
Rabbi Dr. Emanuel Feldman
Rabbi Menachem Genack
Rabbi Dr. Hillel Goldberg
Dr. Allen Goldstein
Rabbi Dr. Moshe Gorelik
Rabbi Matis Greenblatt
Rabbi Kenneth Hain
Rabbi Shlomo Hochberg
Rabbi Yair Kahn
Rabbi Simcha Krauss
Rabbi Dr. Norman Lamm
Rabbi Dr. Haskel Lookstein
Rabbi Dr. Israel Miller z"l
Rabbi Yisroel Miller
Rabbi Elazar Muskin
Rabbi Dr. Bernard A. Poupko
Rabbi Dr. Shlomo Riskin
Rabbi Dr. Bernard Rosensweig
Rabbi Jacob S. Rubenstein
Rabbi Dr. Jonathan Sacks
Rabbi Dr. Jacob J. Schacter
Dr. Alvin I. Schiff
Rabbi Dr. David Shatz
Rabbi Dr. Nisson E. Shulman
Rabbi Yaakov Weinberg zt"l
RAbbi Dr. Tzvi Hersh Weinreb
Rabbi Saul Weiss
Rabbi Dr. Walter Wurzburger z"l
Rabbi Moshe Soloveitchik zt"l
Published in commemoration of the tenth yahrtzeit of the Rav zt"l, Memories of a Giant contains 42 eulogies about Rabbi Joseph B. Soloveitchik, about half of which appear here in print for the first time, including the hesped delivered at the Rav's funeral by his brother, Rabbi Ahron Soloveichik, zt"l. The book also features an important introduction highlighting the Rav's life and major accomplishments by Michael Bierman, the editor, and an essay by Dr. David Shatz reflecting on the Rav's legacy.
In addition to being a man of deep learning and powerful intellect, Rabbi Soloveitchik is presented here as a man of great chesed, profound personal piety and impeccable integrity. The eulogies (hespedim) collected in this volume, delivered by leaders of the Orthodox community, chronicle the impact of not only a brilliant philosopher and master pedagogue, but a caring, thoughtful and awe-inspiring teacher and role model.
This volume is the first publication of the Rabbi Soloveitchik Library. It is intended to greatly enhance our understanding and appreciation of one of the greatest Torah giants of the twentieth century.
About the Editors:
Michael Bierman was awarded an M.A. in Contemporary Jewish Studies from Brandeis University and an MSW from Yeshiva University. Michael is a Financial Services Professional affiliated with New York Life Insurance Company.
Rabbi Dr. Jacob J. Schacter is University Professor of Jewish History and Jewish Thought and Senior Scholar, Center for the Jewish Future, Yeshiva University.
The Rabbi Soloveitchik Library, under the auspices of the Rabbi Joseph B. Soloveitchik Institute, is a collection of volumes designed to enhance the understanding and appreciation of one of the greatest Torah giants of twentieth century Jewish life.
Praise for Memories of a Giant:
"Forty-two eulogies of Joseph Soloveitchik, former rosh yeshiva at Yeshiva University in Manhattan, and the rabbi-founder of the Maimonides School in Brookline, Massachusetts. Contributors include the Rav's brother Rabbi Aharon Soloveitchik, Yeshiva University's Rabbi Yosef Blau, YU Chancellor Norman Lamm, Efrat Chief Rabbi Shlomo Riskin, Ramaz principal Haskel Lookstein, and British Commonwealth Chief Rabbi Jonathan Sacks. The goal, says the dean of the Rabbi Joseph B. Soloveitchik Institute Rabbi Jacob Schacter, is "to portray the Rav to the average thoughtful layperson from the very human and personal perspectives of members of his family as well as devoted disciples."
The book -- published to commemorate the 10th anniversary of the Rav's death -- also includes an essay on Soloveitchik's legacy by David Shatz, adjunct professor of religion at Columbia and professor of philosophy at Yeshiva University, and an introduction high-lighting the Rav's major accomplishments by editor Bierman, adjunct professor of Jewish studies at Farliegh Dickinson University."
- Jerusalem Post
"Remembering the Rav:
18 Nissan 5763 (April 20th, 2003) was the tenth Yahrtzeit (anniversary of the death) of Rabbi Josef Ber Soloveitchik. The eulogies in Memories of a Giant constitute a serious effort at understanding and honoring the major achievements of Soloveitchik (often simply called "the Rav"), the leading Orthodox Rabbi of the second half of the twentieth century. Of course, such essays constitute only a fraction of the tributes to Soloveitchik being made in the minds and hearts of the over two thousand Rabbis whose ordination he supervised, and the thousands of ordinary Jews who were in some way affected and moved by him. Nonetheless, the articulate and loving eulogies collected here offer an awesome portrait of a great leader.
In his tribute to his brother, Rabbi Aharon Soloveitchik Z"ts" l mentions the one giant who emerges from the thousand scholars of a generation. In his community of traditional Jews, Josef Ber was clearly seen as the giant of his era. The eulogies and other essays in Memories of a Giant each attempt to describe and consider some aspect of this greatness.
Many of the eulogists mention the Soloveitchik family line that included his grandfather, the Brisker, Reb Haim, who developed a whole new system of learning. They point to the Rav's connection from his mother's side with Rabbi Elya Pruzhiner, and with Reb Moshe Feinstein. They describe the incredible genius exhibited by the Rav while still a child, and how he was the faithful heir to the Brisker tradition. One of the most moving essays in the volume is the letter of recommendation written by the Rav's father Rabbi Moshe Soloveitchik when the Rav offered his candidacy (which was rejected ) for Chief Rabbi of Tel Aviv in 1935. In this remarkable document the father describes his son's mastery of the whole range of Rabbinic literature as well as modern philosophical and religious thought. The father, who was the early teacher of the son, is clearly overjoyed to see how far his child has surpassed him. This exuberant expression of joy and appreciation of a father for his son has few parallels even in the world of Torah learning whose first principle is passing on the tradition.
Of course, greatness in learning does not exist for its own sake. Several eulogists describe how the Rav came to what was a virtual Torah wasteland in America in the early 1930s. With the help of others like Rabbi Samuel Belkin and Aharon Kotler, Soloveitchik built a world of Torah learning in America. His dedication to the cultivation of an educational system takes on a special poignancy against the backdrop of the destruction of European Jewry and its great centers of Torah study.
The Rav's conviction that the Halakhah (Jewish law) has the answers for contemporary problems startled a Jewish world which was in many ways retreating from its fundamental spiritual legacy. The Rav encouraged religious Jews to be doctors and teachers, to be productively involved in their society. This flowed from a fundamental article of his philosophy: the idea that humans were put on this planet to master the earth and transform it for the better.
While a pious scholar committed to the teaching and learning of Torah, the Rav also encouraged Jews to engage in secular learning. He himself was the supreme example of one who entered secular fields and emerged with his traditional Torah-based perspective strengthened and enhanced.
As a religious philosopher his powerful rereadings of the traditional texts gave the religious world a new and coherent philosophical exposition of its own position. His contributions to modern Orthodox thought are manifold: the concept of the two Adams, one of technological worldly mastery and the other of religious faith; the image of the lonely man of faith; and perhaps above all the concept of "Halakhic man"-these have become central elements in the vocabulary of modern Orthodoxy.
Thousands of religious Jews who traveled from all over the world to learn Torah from him discovered a complexity and depth greater than anything they had been exposed to by other teachers. Time and again the students of the Rav in this volume stress his intellectual integrity and honesty; a number of examples are given in these eulogies of his willingness to correct himself and to apologize when he discovered some mistake in his reasoning.
The Rav stands above all as the great Jewish teacher of his generation. Memories of a Giant is an important contribution to the work and memory of one of God's great servants in our generation."
- Shalom Freedman, jbooks.com
"In this, the 100th anniversary of the birth and 10th yahrtzeit of Rabbi Dr. Joseph B. Soloveitchik, zt"l, a number of books have been published about The Rav by those who knew him best.
One of the best of these is Memories of a Giant: Eulogies on Memory of Rabbi Dr. Joseph B. Soloveitchik, zt"l, edited by Michael A. Bierman (part of the Rabbi Soloveitchik Library, published by Urim Publications in Jerusalem and New York).
The litany of luminaries who offer their own reminiscences of The Rav is impressive, and includes names such as Rabbi Dr. Jacob J. Schachter (who writes the books forward as well as the portion entitled Thoughts On Parshat Shemini), Rabbi Dr. Aharon Lichtenstein (The Rav at Jubilee: An Appreciation), Rabbi Shalom Carmy (A Three-Part Tribute), Rabbi Dr. Shlomo Riskin (My Rebbe, The Rav), Rabbi Dr. Norman Lamm (Hesped Mar: A Eulogy for the Rav), Rabbi Dr. Bernard Rosensweig (The Rav As Communal Leader) and Rabbi Dr. Jonathan Sacks (A Hesped in Honor of Rav Yosef Soloveitchik).
About half of the 42 eulogies appear in print for the first time, including that delivered at The Rav's funeral by his brother, Rabbi Ahron Soloveitchik, zt"l.
Perhaps the book is best summed up by Rabbi Dr. Yitzchak Twersky who writes, "The Rav was such a hakham hamasorah. His decisive contribution was quantitative and qualitative: he disseminated Torah and enhanced kevod haTorah. His tireless, vigorous, imaginative teaching, on so many different levels, suffused the masorah with charm and fascination, revealed its profundities and thereby buoyed the confidence of so many individuals..."
- Howard Riell, JCOR Kesher
"Memories of a Giant: Eulogies in Memory of Rabbi Dr. Joseph B. Soloveitchik zt"l, Editor: Michael A. Bierman. Urim Publications, 2003 Published in commemoration of the tenth yahrtzeit of the Rav zt"l. This volume is the first publication of the Rabbi Soloveitchik Library under the auspices of the Rabbi Joseph B. Soloveitchik Institute.
Memories of a Giant opens with an introduction by the editor of the collection, Michael Bierman, which is a short historical biography of The Rav. The book continues with the eulogies delivered by The Rav's family members, who are some of the great spiritual leaders of our day, including Rav Ahron Soloveitchik zt"l, Rabbi Dr. Aharon Lichtenstein, and Rabbi Moshe Lichtenstein. There is a section of impressive photos, followed by a large collection of eulogies delivered by the Rav's students and community leaders.
The intention of this book (from the editor and publisher) is to "...enhance our understanding and appreciation of one of the greatest Torah giants of the twentieth century." Indeed, you not only learn about The Rav, but the hesped itself is a window into the mind of the person delivering it. This book not only gives us an appreciation of the Torah Giants, it shows Rav Soloveitchik's incredible influence on the people with whom he came in contact and on all Modern Orthodoxy.
This book, commemorating the Rav's passing, actually celebrates his life and influence on our age. This is a fine contribution to the literature on The Rav and a great addition to any library."
- Debbie Lampert,
"Soloveitchik was born in Poland in 1903 into prominent rabbinical families on both his father and mother's side. He studied primarily with his father, demonstrating unusual precocious abilities. In 1926, he entered the University of Berlin where he earned a Ph.D., majoring in philosophy. In 1932, he came to the United States and settled in Boston where he became the rabbi of a group of Orthodox synagogues and where he lived for the rest of his life. In 1937, he founded the first Jewish day school in New England, insisting that its female students include the study of Talmud in their curriculum. In 1935, he traveled to Palestine as a candidate for the position of Chief Rabbi of Tel Aviv. He was considered too young for the position. Years later, Menachem Begin asked him to serve as Chief Ashkenazai Rabbi for Israel but he refused on the grounds that the position mixed religion with politics. In 1941, he succeeded his father as head of the theological seminary at Yeshiva University, commuting from Boston for several days every week until illness forced him to retire in 1985. He died in 1993.
Soloveitchik saw himself mainly as a teacher and most of the eulogizers in this book were his students. He ordained 2,000 of them as rabbis, becoming mentor to a majority of American-trained Orthodox rabbis. His influence extended beyond the classroom since he often lectured to large audiences that hung on his every word as he demonstrated profound scholarship and superb oratorical skills. He combined encyclopedic knowledge of the Bible, Talmud, halakhah, and secular philosophy. He also was active in national Orthodox organizations and in the Religious Zionists of America. The strength of modern Orthodoxy in the United States is attributed to his influence.
Among his controversial positions is his insistence that there could be no theological discussions with non-Orthodox Jews or with Christians. He firmly rejected mixed seating in the synagogue, saying that if a man had to choose between not hearing the shofar or hearing it in a synagogue where men and women sat together, he should choose the former. Although he was a guardian of tradition and opposed to revisionism, he favored unifying secular and religious studies. In accordance with his family's tradition, Soloveitchik published little during his lifetime. An exception was The Lonely Man of Faith, which was based on his lectures. After he died, his students used their notes and recordings to put together articles that appeared in Tradition and elsewhere.
Admiration for "The Rav" permeates this tribute to him and is aptly reflected in the title of the book where he is appropriately called 'a giant.'"
- Morton I. Teicher, The Jewish Advocate
"This excellent volume contains forty-two eulogies, about half of which appear here in print for the first time, including the hesped delivered at the Rav's funeral by his brother, Rabbi Ahron Soloveitchik (zt"l). The book also features an introduction highlighting the Rav's life and major accomplishments by Michael Bierman, and an essay by Dr. David Shatz reflecting the Rav's legacy ten years after his passing. The collection is organized into Part I. The Family Remembers, Photographs; Part II. Talmidim and Community Learders Remember the Rav. An English translation of a Hebrew letter of approbation written by Rabbi Moshe Soloveitchik (zt"l) in support of the Rav's candidacy for the position of chief Rabbi of Tel Aviv is included as an appendix; there is also a list of sourcs. These hespedim reflect an outpouring of love, respect, and appreciation for Rabbi Soloveitchik.
A portrait of a brilliant philosopher, a master pedagogue, and a caring, thoughtful, and inspiring teacher and role model is sketched. The Rav's sincere commitment to scholarship and the good of the Jewish community is shown. This volume is the first publication of the Rabbi Soloveitchik Library under the auspices of the Rabbi Joseph B. Soloveitchik Institute. It is intended to enhance our understanding and appreciation of one of the greatest Torah giants of the twentieth century. This book is recommended for all libraries (Yeshivot, University, Seminary, synagogue, JCC, public, etc.)."
- David B. Levy, AJL Newsletter
"To his numerous talmidim as well as to the world of modern Orthodox Jewry at large, he was known simply as "the Rav." He was the rosh ha-yeshiva of the Rabbi Yitzchok Elchanan Theological Seminary and Professor of Jewish Philosophy at Yeshiva University and the moral voice and intellectual standard bearer of centrist Orthodoxy. This year, 2003, marks the tenth yahrzeit since his passing -- Rabbi Joseph B. Soloveitchik, one of the twentieth century's greatest Torah luminaries.
To commemorate this occassion Mr. Michael Bierman, a well-known and respected worker in the field of communal affairs, has collected forty-two hespedim (eulogies) that have been delivered in memory of the Rav, half of which appear in print for the first time in this impressive volume. From these various tributes by disciples, religious leaders and family members, emerges a portrait of the Rav in all of his manifold aspects. Aside from his unique grasp of the intricacies of halacha and the Rav's astounding ability to penetrate the depths of Jewish thought and his comand of virtually all secular academic disciplines, the Rav was a special human being, a man of exceptional chesed, exemplary personal piety and sterling integrity. All of these colorful strands of the grand tapestry that was the Rav's life are captured in these moving and thought provoking eulogies.
Rabbi Dr. David Shatz in "The Rav's Philosophical Legacy" posits two questions that are apt if we are to fully appreciate the implications of our loss. What has the Rav bequeathed to Orthodox Jewish philosophy in the modern world? And, what can Orthodox thinkers do to carry on his legacy? Explicating complex and, oftentimes, contradictory Rabbinic teachings, the Rav was able to craft halacha and aggadah into a coherent system of philosophical speculation. Professor Shatz concludes that "the Rav taught us by example that it is no intellectual ambarrassment to be a person of faith in the contemporary world, to affirm belief in the face of powerful cultural challenge." He did not retreat from this world, as the homo religiosis, seeking spiritual fulfillment in a transcendental realm. Rather, he was the paradigmatic Ish ha-Halacha (Halachic Man), who objectifies emotions within the framework of the law and locates the problems of this world, in this world, yet within the ambit of eternal Judaism.
One of the most interesting entries in this volume, both from an historical and a biographical perspective, is the letter written in 1935 to the Religious Council of Tel Aviv by the Rav's father, Rabbi Moshe Soloveitchik zt"l, in support of the former's candidacy for the office of Chief Rabbi of Tel Aviv. While the words that a father bestows upon a son are understandably marked by exaggerated praise and while it is also true that the Torah proscribes the testimony of a father concerning his son, this aspct of the Law, according to Rabbi Moshe Soloveitchik, does not apply in such a situation where the extraordinary achievements and character traits are visible to all even absent a father's approbation.
The Rav's intellectual capabilities, his father averred, were already evident in his early chidhood. And his father before him, Rabbi Chaim Soloveitchik, zt"l, one of the luminaries of the Lithuanian yeshiva world, had prophesied concerning his grandson that he was created for greatnes and "destined to become a mighty and overarching tree." There were, to be sure, gedolei torah (Tora Sages) in previous generations whose command of the Law, written and oral, was prodigious. But, as the Rav's father pointed out, "in this generation it is already possible to find Torah and general wisdom connected to each other symbiotically in certain great individuals." Such is the legacy of the Rav who knew the entire Torah, from beginning to end, with a profound and clear knowledge, but who also obtained a doctorate from the University of Berlin, where the faculty was awed by his superior intellectual prowess and depth of understanding.
However, perhaps the most remarkable ability of Rabbi Joseph B. Soloveitchik was to be, in the words of his father, a beriach tichon, a central bolt, a reference to the beam that traversed the entire length of the Sanctuary. That is to say, the Rav was the one who could attract and hold onto all divergent idealogical camps within the Jewish nation without jeopardizing this staunch adherence to the Torah's commandments and moral standards. His father correctly characterized the revered position his son would hold in the Torah overservant world when he predicted, "These will seek Torah from him, those will seek general wisdom, and still others will be bound to him and follow his direction, out of love, honor and respect, as experience has already shown."
This beautiful volume is the first publication of the Rabbi Soloveitchik Library under the auspices of the Rabbi Joseph B. Soloveitchik Institute in Boston and a fitting tribute to a rare Torah giant as well as a giant among men. We look forward to subsequent publications by the Institute that will perpetuate and disseminate the thought and values of the Rav to an "orphaned generation" of American and world Jewry."
- Stephen H. Garrin, Jewish Book World
"The inaugural volume of the Rabbi Soloveitchik Library at the Rabbi Joseph B. Soloveitchik Institute of Boston, the book contains 42 eulogies by leaders of the Orthodox community, including the Rav's brother, Rabbi Aharon Soloveitchik '40Y,R, former rosh yeshiva. It also features an essay by Dr. David Shatz YH,'69Y,B,R, professor of philosophy, reflecting on the Rav's legacy 10 years after his passing."
- YU Review
*How to Remember a Giant You Never Met: Comments on the Soloveitchik Institute's Memories of a Giant:
Having gone from Maimonides School (MA) to Yeshiva University with only a one year hiatus in Israel (Sha'alavim) in between, I have heard about the Rav pretty much non stop. I have read my fair share of his works, and I have engaged in my fair share of philosophical and theological debates about his thought. In short, I feel I was yotzeh yidei chovasi.
Like most of my peers--I daresay all--I simply do not remember the Rav. Sure I know I saw him several times at Maimonides, but I was too young to remember. This leaves me stuck in a really complicated situation. The situation is generational to some extent: I am surrounded by the Rav's students who form an exclusive club, initiation to which necessitates the ability to say the sentence, "When I was in the Rav's shiur..." And yet the situation is also much deeper than just that.
Clearly the Rav was an amazing man. Granted he almost single-handedly molded Modern Orthodoxy. No one will dispute he was the modern manifestation of the Renaissance man. And yet, he has passed on, and my generation knows only the stories we have heard of him. What will happen when we are the older women and men who need to teach the next generation? Each generation needs its own live role models, and ours have always defined themselves in terms of the Rav.
Urim's publication, Memories, might be the perfect antidote. Bierman's introduction states the books ambition: "This book is designed to introduce Rav Soloveitchik to the majority of people who hereunto have had no exposure to him or his writings...This anthology of eulogies-written primarily by family members and students-is designed as an introduction to the Rav...and to his human and personal characteristics." (16)
We, the students of Yeshiva University, have had no exposure to him, and although we may have read his writings, we simply do not know him. If you have not read "Memories," it is an excellent idea to do so. Here are a few reasons why.
The introduction paints a portrait of the Rav as a prodigy who mastered the Torah at a young age, was in regular attendance of phenomenal leaders and then tackled his secular studies in university in a similar mode. And yet, the Rav was not only a first rate intellectual. He stressed feeling the mitzvos, doing the mitzvos, almost being the mitzvos. This is a side of the Rav that is easily overlooked.
The list of contributors to this volume is long. Here are the ones I preferred, with no intended insult to the others.
The first piece, by Rabbi Dr. Ahron Soloveitchik zt"l entitled "A Hesped" (47-56) combines excellent writing and the insights only a brother could offer. Using the biblical model of Joseph, the author explores why he feels the Rav encountered so much opposition to his methods. He concludes it was from jealousy, but a peculiar sort of jealousy that he himself exhibited.
Rabbi Julius Berman's "Dedication of the Special Issue of 'Tradition'" (105-108) is a short piece, but one that conveys the feeling of sitting through one of the Rav's five hour lectures. The writing is so clear and inventive that it really helps the reader appreciate the experience.
As is to be expected, Rabbi Yosef Blau's piece, "Hesped for The Rav" (122-129) is well worth reading. Rabbi Blau draws from a personal anecdote from the Rav's shiur as well as several beautiful ones of the Rav, including one time he came to Rabbi Blau's apartment in Brookline to deliver a present to his newborn child and to excuse himself from the bris, since he was still coping with the loss of three family members that year. The essay ends with a somewhat humorous tale of the Rav interacting with a YU student.
Rabbi Abba Bronspigel, who recently wrote a heated letter to us at The Commentator, tells a wonderful tale of the Rav in his essay "Memories of my Rebbe, the Rav." (135 -141) Bronspigel tells of visiting the Rav when he was so sick that he didn't even recognize him, and that he stood mesmerized for an hour watching the Rav recite Gemaras and Rambams.
Finally, Rabbi Shalom Carmy's "A Three-Part Tribute" (142 - 149) is perhaps the most telling essay of all.
Rabbi Carmy begins saying, "Bereft of the Rav's influence, I would almost certainly have turned my back forever on organized religion." (142) Rabbi Carmy is saying something that many others could say if they had the guts and the verbal skills. As a student who would say hands down that he learnt the most from Rabbi Carmy of anyone else at Yeshiva University, these words affected me. I will say no more about the essay other than like everything I have read of Rabbi Carmy's I strongly recommend it, and though it is slightly harder to grasp from a linguistic perspective, do sift through it. It is a side of Rabbi Carmy's that I have never seen before.
See also Rabbi Dr. Lamm's essay and Rabbi Dr. Haskel Lookstein and Rabbi J. J. Schacter's, and several others, but now I will move to one point of clarification
The essays are arranged in alphabetical order of authors. With the exception of the first few arranged under the heading "The Family Remembers," the rest reads as a shopping list. Here we have Rabbi A, Dr. B, Rabbi Dr. C, etc. If there had been some thematic arrangement, it would have been easier to sift through. Further, it would perhaps justify which writers were included and which excluded.
All in all, for those who consider themselves in any way connected to Modern Orthodoxy or YU, this book is a must read."
- Menachem Wecker, The Commentator
"...the totality of the volume does provide a broad portrait of the Rav, capturing the many colors of his personality and the essentials of his contribution to 20th-century Judaism."
-Rabbi Dr. Shlomo H. Pick, B.D.D. Journal of Torah and Scholarship